What are the ethical implications

Chuck is an undergraduate psychology instructor at a local college. On a Saturday night he goes to his favorite bar and runs into one of his female students, Jessica, from his course last semester. They begin to talk and he buys her some drinks and they dance. As the evening progresses they both drink a little too much and she invites him to her apartment, where he ends up spending the night.

What are the ethical implications of this scenario? Does Chuck need to report this to his supervisor? How should he deal with Jessica if she is in one of his future classes? While the question of ethics should be apparent in this scenario, what ethical concerns might be present in day-to-day classroom interactions?

, Review and study this week’s Learning Resources, including the American Psychological Association’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct website and the Chuck scenario presented in the introduction to this assignment. Consider the ethical implications of this scenario. Think about whether Chuck needs to report this incident to his supervisor. Finally, reflect on strategies Chuck might use if Jessica is in one of his future classes.

With these thoughts in mind:

Post  an explanation of the ethical implications of Chuck’s actions in the scenario. Then explain whether Chuck needs to report this incident to his supervisor, providing specific reference to the APA’s Ethical Principles of Psychologists and Code of Conduct in your response. Finally, explain two strategies Chuck might use if Jessica is in one of his future classes.

Be sure to support your post with specific references to the Learning Resources. If you are using additional articles, be sure to provide full, APA-formatted citations for your references.


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An explanation of your insights regarding how responses to the ethics survey differed based on the demographic categories in the ethics study

In the teaching environment, as in life, there are many circumstances in which ethics is called into question. As an instructor, you need to be able to determine the ethical implications of both your actions and the actions of others. Even if your actions are ethical, could others perceive them as unethical? Sometimes you will have an opportunity to think about it and seek the opinions of others, but often the situation requires an immediate decision. Being able to recognize the ethical implications of a given situation based on the actions of those involved, the potential problems that arise, the impact of those problems, and the nature of the communication that took place can inform your decisions. Other issues to consider are how age and gender might influence what behaviors individuals deem as unethical.

For this Assignment, first read the Tabachnick, Keith-Spiegel, and Pope article. Then review and consider the response categories as defined in the Table 4 footnote of the article. Think about which response category most closely aligns with how you might respond to each survey item. Consider how your responses compare to that of the survey participants. Reflect on any findings from the study that surprised you. Finally, review and study the other Learning Resources assigned for this week to further explore the role of ethics in the classroom.

Assignment (7 pages, APA format)

Submit a paper describing your reaction to the ethics study developed by Tabachnick, Keith-Spiegal, and Pope (2001). Your paper should include the following:

  • A brief description of your reactions to the questions posed in the ethics survey
  • An explanation of any elements of the ethics study that surprised you
  • An explanation of your insights regarding how responses to the ethics survey differed based on the demographic categories in the ethics study
  • An explanation of how your responses to the ethics survey differed from those in the ethics study and any implications that occur to you for your future teaching experiences

Be sure to cite specific references to the Learning Resources. If you are using additional articles, be sure to provide full, APA-formatted citations for your references.


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Can people who are politically liberal be equally authoritarian, intolerant, and prejudiced?

Authoritarianism is the personality trait most commonly associated with high levels of prejudice in adults. Defined simply, it is the tendency to follow the wishes of powerful others without thinking critically. Authoritarians have little tolerance for those whom they perceive to be different from themselves in race, ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation, or political values. Both traditional and contemporary psychologists have characterized authoritarians as politically conservative and averse to progressive thinking. Their high levels of prejudice are an expression of their right-wing political attitudes and their hostility toward those who disagree. Conservatives, on the other hand, argue that many liberals (particularly those in academic fields) have adopted a norm of “political correctness” leading them to be prejudiced and hostile in their own right. With which side do you agree? Is it true that authoritarian intolerance is a hallmark ONLY of political conservatism? Or, do conservatives have a point: Can people who are politically liberal be equally authoritarian, intolerant, and prejudiced?



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How do young adults view  programs?

Please no plagiarism and make sure you are able to access all resource on your own before you bid. Main references come from Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018) and/or American Psychiatric Association. (2013). You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation regarding treatment. I have also attached my discussion rubric so you can see how to make full points. Please respond to all 3 of my classmates separately with separate references for each response. You need to have scholarly support for any claim of fact or recommendation like peer-reviewed, professional scholarly journals. If you draw from the internet, I encourage you to use websites from the major mental health professional associations (American Counseling Association, American Psychological Association, etc.) or federal agencies (Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration (SAMSHA), National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH), National Institutes of Health (NIH), etc.). I need this completed by 04/13/19 at 8pm.


Responses to peers. Note that this is measured by both the quantity and quality of your posts. Does your post contribute to continuing the discussion? Are your ideas supported with citations from the learning resources and other scholarly sources? Note that citations are expected for both your main post and your response posts. Note also, that, although it is often helpful and important to provide one or two sentence responses thanking somebody or supporting them or commiserating with them, those types of responses do not always further the discussion as much as they check in with the author. Such responses are appropriate and encouraged; however, they should be considered supplemental to more substantive responses, not sufficient by themselves.

Read a your colleagues’ postings. Respond to your colleagues’ postings.

Respond in one or more of the following ways:

· Ask a probing question.

· Share an insight gained from having read your colleague’s posting.

· Offer and support an opinion.

· Validate an idea with your own experience.

· Make a suggestion.

· Expand on your colleague’s posting.

1. Classmate (J. Car)

Overview of Alcoholics Anonymous

I chose to attend the 12-step program provided by Alcoholics Anonymous (AA), as it is one of the most widely used mutual help groups since its inception in 1935. I was admittedly nervous and took a seat in the circle, unsure of how the meeting would go as a visitor. The group leader introduced herself and was very welcoming, asking me to introduce myself. As this was an open meeting, I shared that I was just visiting and the group was very supportive. The Serenity Prayer was said in unison to begin. The lesson of the evening was presented by a participant who recounted his experience and successes with AA in addition to how alcohol had destroyed both his marriage and his health. The 12-steps were mentioned in his description of how AA impacted him, specifically how he believed he was powerless over his addiction and gave credit to God as his higher power for rescuing him and helping him make amends in broken relationships. After listening to this recounting, it was easy to see how his journey back and forth within the 12 steps gave him hope that recovery was possible and solidarity in that others in the group would be striving to create a sober life that was worth living for (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). The member-run, highly personal, and relaxed atmosphere of the meeting made it a comfortable atmosphere for sharing highly sensitive personal information.

Role of Mutual Help Groups

Mutual help groups may provide an element of treatment that individual therapy cannot, that being the role of a sponsor in the life of the client, one who can be a part of every aspect of his or her life and not only within a counseling session. According to Van Wormer & Davis (2018), 74% of individuals who joined AA requested a sponsor within the first 90 days, showing the acquired desirability of mutual help when it is affirmed by others within the group. In contrast to Twelve Step Facilitation models implemented in treatment centers by professional therapists, the 12-steps utilized in AA do not make demands of members according to any sort of timeline, allowing individuals to choose what level of investment they wish to make in the group and how much effort they will put into following the steps. At this time, the predominant demographic of individuals attending AA meetings in the United States and Canada are middle-aged White males, meaning the format and content of the group may not necessarily be presented in a way that translates to individuals of other cultures (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Another drawback is the lack of empirical evidence of the effectiveness of AA, as using control groups and randomization is very difficult to achieve due to the lack of uniformity in attendees and leadership (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). While one major benefit of AA is the fact that it is run by lay people who are also members of the group, the long-term efficacy of treatment in these groups is difficult to record and implement data. However, the result of abstinence for individuals who attend AA meetings regularly remains high with or without supporting empirical research.

Relapse Prevention and Continuation of Care

Mutual help groups such as AA may be highly effective in alliance with individual psychotherapy due to the unique elements of personal sponsors, lack of pathologizing, and ownership within the group. With the accountability of an individual counselor, a sponsor, and members within the mutual help group, the client will be surrounded by support systems, potentially aiding in preventing relapse. Positive interactions within an AA community contribute to emotional health, having an effect on the brain that is similar to the relaxation experienced in yoga meditation (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). Therefore, the AA community and treatment from a harm reduction perspective may be enough to empower a client to choose other methods of self-improvement including continuation of individual counseling. Following the 12-step method includes making amends and reconciling with those who have been harmed due to the client’s alcohol addiction, offering the potential for renewed support systems and inner healing to occur.


Greenfield, L., & Tonigan, J. S. (2013).The general Alcoholics Anonymous tools of recovery: The adoption of the 12-step practices and beliefs. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(3), 553–561.

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction treatment: A strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

2. Classmate (A. Mc)

Overview: Celebrate Recovery

This week, I attended a “Celebrate Recovery” meeting at an interdenominational church in my area. While the group was created for substance and behavioral addictions, other behaviors were welcomed and accepted (e.g. anxiety, anger). Collectively, the group recognizes God as their higher power, singing worship songs and stating that they are a believer in Christ at the beginning of the meeting. The group is based on the 12-Step Recovery Model; the focus of this week was Step 4: We made a searching and fearless moral inventory of ourselves. The handout given out to complete and think about included difficult questions related to four domains: relationship with others, priorities in life, attitude, and integrity. I found that even I could answer the provided questions and make a moral inventory of myself; in fact, I discovered a few pieces of my life that are still “broken.” Overall, the group was very supportive of each other and welcoming to an observer, like myself. I was able to watch someone receive a chip for walking through the doors for the first time and someone receive a chip for one full year of sobriety, both big accomplishments. The group even gave me a “first time” chip to keep as a memento!

Mutual Help Groups and the 12-Step Model

A major role of mutual help groups is to provide its participants a source of hope and a safe place to create a new identity (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). In other words, mutual help groups create a community of people with similar struggles. These individuals no longer have to feel alone and have a group of people supporting their journey to abstinence or health. Stories are shared of successes, such as the heroin addict who is eight years sober, a newlywed, and expecting his first child in three months. Hearing these stories instills feelings of hope and a better future.

The 12-Step Model executed in Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) meetings has been adopted by most, if not all, mutual help groups. Even so, the model has both strengths and weakness. The spiritual application in the 12-Step Model can prove to be both a strength and a weakness. For example, participants will always have a higher power that they can turn to and rely on in times of difficulty. On days when the meeting is not being held, an individual can step into a church to say a prayer (e.g. the serenity prayer) or open the bible as another source of strength. In contrast, the spiritual approach of the model can turn people away. In one qualitative study based on the interviews of young adults, a few research participants declared 12-step programs to be harmful and an act of using vulnerability to convince members to accept a higher power (Kingston, Knight, Williams, & Gordon, 2015). Ultimately, empirical evidence for the effectiveness of AA and similar 12-step programs is lacking (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018). However, the programs are generally free to attend (or funded by small donations) and reliable (e.g. there are always meetings available to attend).

Relapse Prevention and Continuum of Care

It is safe to say that addiction is a life-long struggle. There will always be temptations and negative experiences that could be drowned out with an addictive substance or behavior. While individual therapy may not always be feasible or practical, especially for life, 12-step programs are. The continuous availability and support of 12-step programs is a huge piece of relapse prevention and continuum of care. The programs allow individuals who have terminated therapy to continue to work on themselves from the inside, out, all while creating a community and friendships with those who have similar goals.


Kingston, S., Knight, E., Williams, J., & Gordon, H. (2015). How do young adults view 12-step
programs? A qualitative study. Journal of addictive diseases, 34(4), 311-322.

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction treatment: A strengths perspective (4th
ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

3. Classmate (N. Pra)


The mutual help group I chose was the Family Support Group of those who struggle with substance addictions. The Methadone clinic next door to my job offers these meetings weekly, and I decided to join in, both for the purpose of this discussion, and for my own family history. One of the main lessons I got from the group is that of unity. Everyone was extremely supportive of one another, and I felt an immediate connection to the group facilitator who ensured that each person had the respect and time they needed. Many of the individuals who attended had family members or spouses who were currently in a residential treatment facility for substance use. The group was similar to Narcotics Anonymous (NA) as it also follows the 12-step model. Although we did not touch much on each step specifically, the spirituality and hope that the 12 represent was the foundation to our meeting.

Addiction Recovery

Mutual help groups have been the backbone of sobriety since the early 1930s. They provide an outlet for those who suffer from addiction, and their families to bond with others and overcome the disease (BA, 2019). These groups provide an equal platform for individuals of all socioeconomic statuses to get the help they seek. Individual counseling, although not disputed as being another major component in promoting sobriety and preventing relapse, costs nearly 64% more than going to Alcoholics Anonymous (AA) or Narcotics Anonymous (NA) (Van Wormer & Davis, 2018).
The 12-Step Model, which has modeled AA and NA, has its strengths and weaknesses. The first strength is that it pushes its members to self-reflect on their addiction and how it has effected their lives. Step 8 and Step 9 require the individual to write a list of people who have been harmed by their addiction, and to make amends with them (as long it does not cause further damage). Step 6 also requires the member to review their shortcomings, and to challenge themselves on being a better person by giving themselves over to God. A second strength is that the 12 Steps encourage the member to become spiritual. This spirituality increases their faith in themselves, in God, and in others. It also raises their mood, and uplifts their spirits in challenging times. One weakness of the 12-Step Model is that it there are not many evidence-based empirical studies completed on the long-term effects of sobriety (Greenfield & Tonigan, 2013). The second weakness is that since the model concentrates heavily on spirituality, it may unintentionally exclude members that identify as Atheist, or who have no beliefs. This may impede or prevent treatment for their addiction and sobriety.


The 12-Step Model is a circle of life. It encourages the individual to seek their shortcomings, make amends with themselves, those they have hurt, and to meditate on their sobriety and internal strength. The last step, requires the member to sponsor another struggling individual who is in the program. This prevents relapse since the individual not only has themselves to keep in check, but their group members who are constantly supporting them in weekly meetings, and the member that they are sponsoring, who is depending on them also to maintain their sobriety (BA, 2019).


BA, C. B. M. (2019). Twelve-step programs for addicts. Salem Press Encyclopedia of Health. Retrieved from https://search-ebscohost-com.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/login.aspx?direct=true&db=ers&AN=94415578&site=eds-live&scope=site

Greenfield, B. L., & Tonigan, J. S. (2013). The General Alcoholics Anonymous Tools of Recovery: The adoption of 12-step practices and beliefs. Psychology of Addictive Behaviors, 27(3), 553–561. https://doi-org.ezp.waldenulibrary.org/10.1037/a0029268

Van Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction treatment: A strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.

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Required Resources

  • Van      Wormer, K., & Davis, D. R. (2018). Addiction treatment: A      strengths perspective (4th ed.). Boston, MA: Cengage.
  • Chapter      9, “Mutual Help Groups and Spiritual/Religious Resources” (pp. 353-387)
  • Greenfield,      L., & Tonigan, J. S. (2013).The general Alcoholics Anonymous tools of      recovery: The adoption of the 12-step practices and beliefs. Psychology      of Addictive Behaviors, 27(3), 553–561.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Kelly,      J., & Teterian, J. D. (2011). The role of mutual help groups in      extending the framework of treatment. Alcohol Research &      Health, 33(4), 350–355.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
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xplain interpersonal psychotherapy’s theoretical underpinnings regarding transference and counter transference and its use in therapy.

you were asked to analyze the role of transference and counter-transference in relation to psychodynamic/relational therapy approaches, specifically the Interpersonal Psychotherapy approach, to help you better understand the role of transference and counter transference, and its use in therapy.

For this Assignment, you will continue to explore a more depth level understanding of transference and counter transference, further exploring the theoretical underpinnings as well as the associated interventions that might be used within an interpersonal psychotherapy approach, specifically addressing transference and counter transference.

To prepare for this Assignment:

· Review Learning Resources related to transference and countertransference

For this Assignment:

Write a 3- to 5- page paper (not including title and reference pages):

· Explain interpersonal psychotherapy’s theoretical underpinnings regarding transference and counter transference and its use in therapy.

· Explain the types of interventions from an interpersonal psychotherapy approach that are being used to address transference and counter transference in therapy.

Provide examples from the Learning Resources to support your explanations.

Use Full APA citations


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How the damage has affected the nervous system.

Sight is what i choose

Create a 10- to 15-slide presentation including detailed speaker notes.

Choose one of the five senses.

Identify which nervous system structures are involved in that sensory system.

Describe the following:

  • The damage to the structures
  • How the damage has affected the nervous system.
  • Explain why this change in the nervous system has occurred.

Include a minimum of two peer-reviewed sources.

Format your presentation consistent with APA guidelines.

Click the Assignment Files tab to submit your assignment.


  • Grading Guide

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Explain how you could use deductive and inductive reasoning for your research on the agency

 Select one agency to use for your study.  If you are having trouble identifying an agency. Please contact me immediately for assistance.

Explain how you could use deductive and inductive reasoning for your research on the agency. Then, generate a Hypothesis for conducting a quantitative research project and a research question that is appropriate for a qualitative study.

Explain why your research questions are appropriate for each approach to qualitative and quantitative research.

  • Your assignment should be between 250-325 words in length (typically, one to one and half double-spaced pages), not counting cover page, reference list page, appendices, figures, or tables.
  • Your assignment should include a title page and a reference list page (if using references), and be completed in Times New Roman 12-point font, double-spaced, with appropriate header, page numbers, one-inch margins, and meet all other requirements of APA Stylebook.
  • One reference is required. Please format them in the most current APA format.
  • Please refer to the rubric associated with this assignment for detailed guidance about expectations and grading.
  • Please submit this assignment through Assignments in D2L by 11:59PM Central Time on Sunday.

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identity development, financial status, and social support should be considered when analyzing the individual’s response to a chronic illness

 The course of illness can be influenced by biological, psychological, and/or social factors covering a broad range of topics that include stress, coping, and behaviors that either promote health and prevent illness, or contribute to the development of clinical problems. Health and wellness are important to our daily lives and this is true even in the context of being diagnosed with a chronic illness such as diabetes mellitus. The interplay between emotions, cognitive, and behavioral/physical factors can affect all aspects of health and illness. Individual differences such as culture, ethnicity, lifestyle, religion, gender, identity development, financial status, and social support should be considered when analyzing the individual’s response to a chronic illness. Numerous research studies have investigated the impact of one or more of these factors in terms of the effect on chronic disease outcomes. These outcomes can include symptom management and/or progression of the severity of the disease.

Explanatory theories often describe factors that contribute to health problems, or interfere with prevention activities, and thus provide targets for change. One such theory is the Health Belief Model (HBM) which addresses perceptions of the health problem. These perceptions include the degree of threat in terms of susceptibility and severity, any benefits to be obtained by avoiding the perceived threat, and various internal (e.g., self-efficacy) and external (e.g., barriers to care) factors that influence the individual’s decision to act. Other theories emphasize motivations that influence a continuum of stages of behavioral change. The Transtheoretical Model (TTM) of behavior change is a theory of this type. The response to chronic illness and the illness experience itself can be described by these models. In managing chronic disease, there are coping strategies and behavior changes that support optimal outcomes and therapeutic interventions can be designed for greater effectiveness by using these two models. For your paper you will choose from the two options below. The option you choose will provide the focus and title for your paper.

  • Option A:  Diabetes      Mellitus and the Transtheoretical      Model of Behavior Change????
  • Option B:  Diabetes      Mellitus and the Health      Belief Model????

To support your work, you will perform research using the University Library and/or other search methods to provide references to support your work. You must include a minimum of three peer-reviewed sources, published within the past five years relating to diabetes mellitus and to either the Transtheoretical Model of Behavior Change (Option A) or the Health Belief Model (Option B). The use of additional scholarly and/or peer-reviewed references is highly recommended. These may be obtained from academic, professional, or governmental agency sources. Dictionaries, encyclopedias, non-academic websites, and media outlet sites or publications are not appropriate resources for academic writing and are not appropriate for inclusion in this paper. You may reference your textbook and other required or recommended materials from the course but these will not fulfill the minimum reference requirement.

In your paper you will provide an analysis of your research by addressing the following elements:

  • Personal      impact of chronic illness
  • Impact      of chronic illness on friends and family
  • Methods      of coping
  • Interventions      to encourage healthy lifestyle choices
  • Motivations      for adhering to recommended self-care guidelines
  • Beliefs      about illness that support or reduce self-efficacy and the ability to take      action.

Use the following headings to organize your paper into four sections as follows:

  • Introduction:  Explain      how the TTM or HBM can be used to explain the individual’s response to      chronic illness
  • Body: Analyze the impact of      chronic illness on friends and families, coping strategies used in chronic      illness, social and psychological factors involved in the illness      experience, long-term social and psychological implications of chronic      illness, and therapeutic interventions based on your model
  • Conclusion: Summarize how      the TTM or HBM explains the individual’s approach to illness and behavior      change
  • Appendix: Complete the      provided TTM table (Option A) or the HBM table (Option B), thinking of the      diabetic individual’s adherence to self-care recommendations. Copy and      paste your completed table into the Appendix of your paper.

This paper must include the biopsychosocial aspect of your research with emphasis on biological, psychological, and social factors. Be sure to elaborate on these factors using information drawn from your research and text readings.

Throughout your paper, include in-text citations for all statements of facts obtained through your research. Remember that direct quotes (identical phrases or sentences taken from a source) require in-text citations with appropriate formatting. Statements of opinion should be clearly stated as such, and include a rationale to support why you hold this opinion (e.g., personal or professional experience, your research findings).

Writing the Paper

The Paper:

  1. Must be five to seven      double-spaced pages in length not including the title and references      pages, and formatted according to APA style.
  2. Must begin with an introductory paragraph that has a succinct thesis statement.
  3. Must include paragraphs of a minimum of three sentences.
  4. Must address the topic of the paper with critical thought.
  5. Must end with a conclusion that reaffirms your thesis.
  6. Must use at least three peer-reviewed sources.
  7. Must document all sources in APA style.
  8. Must include a separate reference page, formatted according to APA style
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As you reflect on your past and current friendships, how might your friendships and attachments to others compare?

Assignment: Adult Attachment

Take a moment to reflect on your friendships. Think about who you consider to be your oldest friend and who might be your closest. Are they the same person? Why or why not?

While some individuals maintain the same friendships throughout their lifespans, others adapt their circles of friends as their interests, careers, and values change. As you reflect on your past and current friendships, how might your friendships and attachments to others compare?

In this Assignment, you will take Fraley’s Adult Attachment Survey ( http://www.web-research-design.net/cgi-bin/crq/crq.pl ) to determine your personal attachment pattern. You will then consider how issues related to attachment have impacted your peer and romantic relationships, career choices, and current identity.

Complete a 2- to 3-page paper in which you do the following:

  • Briefly summarize your personal patterns of attachment
  • Identify your overall score and the corresponding attachment category
  • Explain whether you think your results are accurate and why
  • Explain how your attachment (either perceived or as identified in the Adult Attachment Survey) has shaped your development as an adult
  • Justify your response with specific references to this week’s Learning Resources and the current literature

Required Resources

Note: To access this week’s required library resources, please click on the link to the Course Readings List, found in the Course Materials section of your Syllabus.

  • REQUIRED – Broderick, P. C., & Blewitt, P. (2015). The life span: Human development for helping professionals (4th ed.). Upper Saddle River, NJ: Pearson Education.
    • Chapter 11, “Physical and Cognitive Development in Young Adulthood” (pp. 408-437)
    • Chapter 12, “Socioemotional and Vocational Development in Young Adulthood” (pp. 438-476)
  • ADDITIONAL – Arnett, J. J. (2007). Suffering, selfish, slackers? Myths and reality about emerging adults. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 36(1), 23–29.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Benson, J. E., Johnson, M. K., & Elder, G. H., Jr. (2012). The implications of adult identity for educational and work attainment in young adulthood. Developmental Psychology, 48(6), 1752–1758.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Brandell, J. R. (2010). Contemporary psychoanalytic perspectives on attachment. Psychoanalytic Social Work, 17(2), 132–157.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • McAdams, D. P., Bauer, J. J., Sakaeda, A. R., Anyidoho, N. A., Machado, M. A., Magrino-Failla, K., … Pals, J. L. (2006). Continuity and change in the life story: A longitudinal study of autobiographical memories in emerging adulthood. Journal of Personality, 74(5), 1371–1400.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • O’Connor, M., Sanson, A., Hawkins, M. T., Letcher, P., Toumbourou, J., Smart, D., … Olsson, C. (2011). Predictors of positive development in emerging adulthood. Journal of Youth and Adolescence, 40(7),860–874.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Robinson, O. C., & Smith, J. A. (2010). The stormy search for self in early adulthood: Developmental crisis and the dissolution of dysfunctional personae. The Humanistic Psychologist, 38(2), 120–145.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Rodriguez, P. D., & Ritchie, K. L. (2009). Relationship between coping styles and adult attachment styles. Journal of the Indiana Academy of the Social Sciences, 13, 131–141.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Smits, I., Doumen, S., Luyckx, K., Duriez, B., & Goossens, L. (2011). Identity styles and interpersonal behavior in emerging adulthood: The intervening role of empathy. Social Development, 20(4), 664–684.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Specht, J., Egloff, B., & Schmukle, S. C. (2011). Stability and change of personality across the life course: The impact of age and major life events on mean-level and rank-order stability of the Big Five. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 101(4), 862–882.
    Retrieved from the Walden Library databases.
  • Fraley, R. C. (n.d.). Attachment style. Retrieved March 10, 2013 from http://www.web-research-design.net/cgi-bin/crq/crq.pl


  • Laureate Education (Producer). (2013m). Young adulthood [Video file]. Retrieved from CDN Files Database. (COUN 6215/COUN 8215/HUMN 8215)

    This media piece highlights the family member aged 19–29.

    Note: Please click on the following link for the transcript: Transcript (PDF).

  • Laureate Education (Producer). (2013f). Perspectives: Emerging adulthood [Video file]. Retrieved from https://class.waldenu.edu

Week 8 Learning Resources

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